Edit Note  |  Creator:  sliao082

The Puritans

  • Also known as Pilgrims, extreme Protestants, separatists, prudes, anti-hedonists

  • A religious sect that held different values from the Church of England

  • Often referred to in Europe as separatists because they usually isolated themselves

  • Isolation was both by choice and necessity

Christianity in England

The New World

  • They moved to the New World by 1600 for three reasons:

    • relief from religious persecution

    • wanted to practice their own religion freely

    • mostly settled on the coast of Massachusetts

The Bible

  • They saw Bible as "supreme authority"

  • Assigned them the divine mission that they are the chosen people to go to the New World

  • Used the Bible to justify their occupation of land and use of force in the New World

  • Nature is the heathen wilderness where savages and the Devil reside

  • The Bible was to  be studied daily and its practices followed closely

  • Sunday, "The Sabbath," was especially important- the church was mandatory for everyone and sermons were often three hours or more

Calvinism (TULIP / Puritan Beliefs)

  • Total depravity: humans are completely sinful, God is everything, the world is disharmonious because of Original Sin (Adam & Eve)

  • Unconditional election: God saves and elects whomever he wants and knows

  • Limited atonement: Christ would die for the one that was elected

  • Irresistible grace: God gives his grace freely, and it can't be earned or resisted

  • Perseverance of the Saints: those that God has chosen are able to have full power and live uprightly, no one can refute this power

  • Focused on personal, inner experience (religion)

  • Values → to have a greater connection with God

    • self-reliance

    • hard work

    • moderation

    • simplicity

    • education

  • Church leader led the government (= theocracy)


  • Very simple- clothing, literature, hobbies

  • Hard-working- achieve God's favor

  • Moderation- frugal

  • Did not believe in pleasure

  • Judgemental- punish rule breakers


  • Not for pleasure or entertainment

    • reason was the fact that they were struggling to build their settlement

    • considered works of fiction frivolous and possibly immoral

  • Plain style shaped the language of prose and poetry (furniture, architecture, painting)

    • clarity

    • accessibility

    • straightforwardness

    • simplicity

  • Flourish → sinful, plain-glorify Gods

  • Types of text they wrote:

    • historical document

    • personal journal

    • religious examination

    • sermons